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    Book

    Chianti history

    To know his history to understand better the secrets of this earth

    The historical sources make to think that the Chianti has origins etruscans. The same name could also go up again or to the word Clanis that perhaps it was the name with which this people pointed out a stream that sprang next to Montegrossi, the actual Massellone, or to Clante, name belonged to an important etruscan family that lived in these places. In the Chianti, infact, they have emerged anywhere graves and finds; near Castellina, for example, the Montecalvario’s tumult: today’s Chianti is the Medioevo’s son, so much that the greatest part of the architectural patrimony chiantigiano belongs to that epoch. During the whole town and medioeval epoch the chianti was the principal theater of the disputes between Siena and Firenze and also the five hundred century was not some one easier and calm for the people chiantigiano. Only in 1555 with the taking of Montalcino from Florence and the definitive defeat in Siena, the Chianti knew a period of deserved rest and calm. From this moment it looks him at the earth as a good investment. The agrarian system founded upon the farms affirms more always with great consequences in the order of the territory and, accordingly, in the rural landscape. They spread the agricultural houses and abandoned the castles, the steep and uneven grounds vemgono made cultivable thanks to the terrazzamentis and the promiscuous (rows of grapevines and oil plants you to regular distance, among which the wheat was sowed) crop it became common practice for all the grounds of the Chianti.

    At the end of the second world war it also started in chianti the abandonment in mass of the farm and the countries, unfortunately the crisis appeared immediately of exceptional gravity: in few years the chianti degraded. The initiated depopulation in the fifties stops entirely almost in the seventies thanks to the wine. The value of the ground increases, the trust and the question of earth return for the new crops. This transformation has also interested necessarily the landscape, that has been modified by the man in its continuous work of adaptation of the territory to the new needs. Following this reconversion that the chanti has assumed the features that make today still it very appreciated. Gradually the chianti becomes a tourist of excellence dstination. The first ones to discover the Chianti have been English, Dutch, German and Swiss around the seventies. All have chosen the Chianti attracted by his traditions, from the landscape beauties, for the climate, for the kitchen and for the wine. The attactions that these earths emanate is propagated then to the whole world. The Chianti, therefore, entertains in his hills people that come both from the countries of Europe and both of the west, and from the new countries UE, as well as from the distant countries as America and Japan. Despite this the chianti succeeds (is clever) in maintaining its unique character, to offering (to give a warm) welcome and the hospitality to its guests of once.