Nowadays Chianti is the first Italian DOC wine and its name is due to the hills that are in the area that goes from Florence to Siena which is of 70.000 hectares . According to the law , the production of the Chianti Classico wine is known as the one of the most older and vintage marked with the famous Gallo Nero on the bottle neck (it is the symbol of the old Chianti Military league).
The hills of Siena area represent the historic Chianti zone and includes small towns as Castellina in Chianti, Radda in Chianti and Gaiole in Chianti , that is to say the old Chianti league , turned then in Chianti Province. Leaving from L’Ultimo Mulino, we suggest you the following itinerary to discover villages and places of the Chianti Classico.
In Gaiole in Chianti you can visit during the journey the cellar of the Agricoltori del Chianti Geografico, Badia a Coltibuono, Capannelle, Castello di Ama, Castello di Tornano and Melelto, Castello di Brolio . Going ahead with our itinerary, we enter in what is the hearth of Chianti Classico and we meet Radda in Chianti (Borgo Salcetino, Capaccia, Castello d’ Albola, Castello di Volpaia, Colle Bereto, Fattoria Castelvecchi, Fattoria di Montevertine, Fattoria di Terrabianca, Podere Capaccia, Poggerino, Pruneto, Vignavecchia ) old chief town of the Chianti League at the time of the Medici family. Here the business of wine and tourism is at a top level, because besides to a good wine production and a lot of cellars, in Radda there are also many farms that practise the agriturismo. This small village hosts also the small museum of the Farmer Civilization.
Not so far there is Castellina in Chianti (Casina di Cornia, Castellare di Castellina, Cecchi, Castello di Fonterutoli, Castello di Lilliano, Concadoro, Fattoria Nittardi , Gagliole, La Leccia, Podere Collelungo, Podere la Brancaia, Rocca delle Macie, Rocca di Cispiano, Rodano, San Fabiano Calcinaia, Tenuta di Bibbiano, Valiano, Villa Trasqua ) where during the summer time we have the traditional water-melo fair.
After having being in Castellina in Chainti, we suggest to go towards Florence and stop in Panzano in Chianti (Carobbio, Casaloste, Castello di Rampolla, Cennatoio, Intervineas, Fattoria di S. Andrea, il Vescovino, La Doccia, La Marcellina, La Massa, Le Fonti, Podere Le Cinciole, Vecchie terre di Montefili, Villa Cafaggio) one of the places with the greater vocation thanks to the famous Conca d’ Oro di Panzano, an area particularly suitable for the production of great wines. It deserves to be mentioned the wine farm of Fontodi for the Flaccianello della Pieve.
Equidistant from both Siena and Florence there is Greve in Chianti (Agricola Querciabella, Cabreo, Carpineto, Castello di Querceto, Castello di Verrazzano, Caste Ruggero, Fattoria di Nozzole, Fattoria di Vignamaggio, Il Vescovino, Poggio Scalette, Riseccoli, Savignola Paolina, Tenuta Montecalvi, Terre di Montefili, Torraccia di Presura, Triacca, Vicchiomaggio, Vignamaggio, Villa Calcinaia, Viticcio, Vecchie Terre di Montefili) which is another great and famous wine centre. On Saturday there is the mercatale of Greve which is one of the most famous market of the region. This town gives hospitality also to enoteca Vignaioli Grevigiani and the Rassegna of Chianti Classico (in September).
Going towards Florence, you find San Casciano Val di Pesa (Corzano and Paterno, Castelli di Grevepesa, Castelvecchio, Castello Il Corno, Castello Il Palagio, Fattoria Macchiavelli, La Sala, Le Corti-Corsini, Massanera, Poggiopiano, Solatone, Strozzi) which was place of residence of Machiavelli during the exile when he wrote “Il Principe” and where he used to live, actually, gives hospitality to Consorzio di Tutela del Chianti Classico.
Going back to Siena we find Tavarnelle Val di Pesa (Cappella, Montecchio, Poggio al Sole, Poggio Romita) Barberino Val d’ Elsa (Casa Emma, Castello della Paneretta, Castello di Monsanto, Fattoria Casa Sola, Fattoria Pasolini dall’ Onda, Guicciardini, I Balzini, Isole e Olena, Le Filigare, Monsanto), afetr that we are again in the Chianti area but near Siena , starting from Poggibonsi being located in the middle between Siena and Florence , it is a strategic point where to stay. In Poggibonsi, there is a village called Gaggiano where there is Melini, which is the oldest wine farm of the entire Chianti, founded in 1705 and it has been the first cellar starting using the famous flask.